Today in history
1525 The German peasants' revolt is crushed by the ruling class and church.
1824 Beethoven's "Ninth Symphony" premiers in Vienna.
1915 The German submarine U-20 torpedoes the passenger ship Lusitania, sinking her in 21 minutes with 1,978 people on board. Fateful Voyage of the Lusitania.
1937 The German Condor Legion arrives in Spain to assist Francisco Franco's forces.
1945 Germany signs an unconditional surrender, effectively ending World War II in Europe. Army Group South.
Born on this day
1812 Robert Browning, English poet.
1833 Johannes Brahms, German composer.
1840 Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer.
1870 Marcus Loew, film executive, consolidated studios to create MGM.
1892 Josip Broz [Tito], leader of Yugoslavia during after World War II.
1892 Archibald MacLeish, American poet and statesman.
1901 Gary Cooper, film actor (High Noon, Friendly Persuasion).
1909 Edwin Herbert Land, inventor of the Polaroid Land Camera.
1919 Eva (Evita) Perón, first lady of Argentina.
1932 Jenny Joseph, English poet and novelist (The Thinking Heart, The Inland Sea).
1938 Karl-Robert, 11th Baron von Lauterbach, 16th Graf Halmisch
1943 Peter Carey, Australian writer (Illywhacker, Oscar and Lucinda).